Study of Hemoglobins C and S in Pregnant Women in the Eastern Health District of Abobo


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Introduction: Hemoglobinosis C and S are the most common
structural abnormalities in West Africa. They worsen the overall
health of carriers, particularly in pregnant women, leading to high risk pregnancies and contributing to maternal and fetal morbidity
and mortality. The objective of this study was to investigate
hemoglobinopathies C and S in pregnant women.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from February
to December 2022. It focused on pregnant women attending
consultations at five health care facilities in the Abobo-East health
district. Hemogram analysis was performed using the Sysmex
XT 2000i, and hemoglobin electrophoresis at alkaline pH was
conducted on the Helena system. Data were collected and analyzed
using Microsoft Excel® 2016.

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