Primary plasma cell leukemia discovered during a case of acute anemia following gastrointestinal bleeding

doi.org/10.59708/ajlhts.v2i4.2341

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Case Study

Primary plasma cell leukemia discovered during a case of acute anemia following gastrointestinal bleeding

Kueviakoe M. D. I., Padaro E., Magnang H., Layibo Y., Mawussi K., Vovor A.

Affiliations

KUEVIAKOE Messanh Délagnon Irénée

Department of Hematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

kueviam@hotmail.com

PADARO Essohana

Department of Hematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

essohanapadaro@gmail.com

MAGNANG Hèzouwè

Department of Hematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

2008magnang@gmail.com

LAYIBO Yao

Department of Hematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

mylayibo@gmail.com

MAWUSSI Koffi

Department of Hematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Kara, Kara, Togo

mawussimeko@gmail.com

VOVOR Ahoefa

Department of Hematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

avovor@yahoo.fr

 

Corresponding author

Messanh D. Irénée KUEVIAKOE: kueviam@hotmail.com

ORCID: 0000-0003-3505-4917

Abstract

Plasma cell leukemia can occur in undiagnosed patients with myeloma. The existence of anemic syndrome with intolerance symptoms following massive gastrointestinal bleeding can mislead the diagnosis. Careful reading of blood smears is essential, especially in regions of the world with a weak technical platform. In this case, abnormal plasma cells were found on the blood smear. The myelogram revealed a bone marrow infiltration by dysmorphic plasma cells. An immunophenotypic analysis discovered circulating plasma cells, which helped to establish the diagnosis. A methodical identification of the etiology of anemia is needed to discover causes of anemia more easily.

Keywords

Leukemia, plasma cell, anemia, blood smear

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